If You Read Nothing Else Today, Read This Report on Condenser Distillation
Commercially, distillation has a lot of uses. It is a useful technique in chemistry labs, where chemists use it to purify a compound, and also in industry, especially in the petrochemical and refining industry and in the manufacture of ethanol. It can be done anywhere, whether it’s in a house or a laboratory, but in most countries it is illegal to distill alcohol without a license. It usually forms part of a larger chemical process, and is thus referred to as a unit operation. The very first distillation occurs in the wash still.
Unique procedures of distillation are used, based on the physical properties of the elements of the liquid mixtures. It is the most widely used separation process in the chemical industry. It is also the main way of desalination of water. Simple distillation does use large quantities of energy, however, so a more popular process of separating saltwater is by way of desalination. Short path distillation is a distillation technique that requires the distillate traveling a brief distance, often just a few centimeters.